Vimanas – an ancient Indian flying machine

Science Congress Association (ISCA) which hosts the annual event, is a premier
scientific organisation of India with a membership strength of more than 30,000
scientists. It was founded in 1914 with the objective to advance and promote
the cause of science in India.
Anand Bodas, a retired pilot, was presenting a paper on ‘Ancient Indian
Aviation Technology’, and claimed that the science of building and flying a
plane was recorded by Maharshi Bharadwaj in Brihad Vimana Shastra, written
between 6000 BC and 7000 BC. “Maharshi
Bharadwaj said air planes were used to travel from one city to another, from
one country to another and from one planet to another.”
discuss about the ‘Vimanas’ which is said to be the ancient Indian flying
machine as described in various literatures and books.
every Hindu and Buddhist in the world – hundreds of millions of people has
heard of the ancient flying machines referred to in the Ramayana and other
texts as Vimanas. Vimanas are mentioned even today in standard
Indian literature and media reports. An article called “Flight Path” by the
Indian journalist Mukul Sharma appeared in the major newspaper The
Times of India on April 8,
1999 which talked about vimanas and ancient warfare: according to some
interpretations of surviving texts, India’s future it seems happened way back
in the past. Take the case of the Yantra Sarvasva, said to have been written by the sage
Maharshi Bhardwaj (Excerts from the article “Fly the Friendly skies in air
India Vimanas by David Hatcher – source:
Technology of the Gods – The Incredible Sciences of the Ancients p 147-209).
This consists of as many as 40 sections
of which one, the Vaimanika Prakarana dealing with aeronautics, has 8
chapters, a hundred topics and 500 sutras. In it Bhardwaj describes vimana,
or aerial aircrafts, as being of three classes:
1. those that travel from place to
2. those that travel from one country to another;
3. those that travel between planets.
Of special concern among these were the
military planes whose functions were delineated in some very considerable
detail and which read today like something clean out of science fiction.
Image source:
Does it mean that
air and space travel was well known to ancient Indians and airplanes flourished
in India when the rest of the world was just learning the rudiments of
Vimanas were
said to take off vertically or dirigible. Bharadwaj the Wise refers to no less
than 70 authorities and 10 experts of air travel in antiquity. These sources
are now lost. Vimanas were kept in Vimana
Griha, or hanger, were
said to be propelled by a yellowish-white-liquid, and were used for various
purposes. Airships were present all over the world. The plain of Nazca
Peru is very famous for appearing from the high altitude to be a rather
elaborate, if confusing airfield. Some researchers have theorized that this was
some sort of Atlantean outpost. It is worth nothing that Rama Empire had its outposts: Easter
Island, almost diametrically opposite to Mohenjo-Daro
 on the globe, astonishingly developed its own written language, an
obscure script lost to the present inhabitants, but found on tablets and other
Aerial battles and chases are common in
ancient Hindu literature. What did these airships look like? The ancient Mahabharata speaks of a vimana as “an aerial chariot with the sides
of iron and clad with wings.” The Ramayana describes a vimana as a double-deck, circular
(cylindrical) aircraft with portholes and a dome. It flew with the “speed of
the wind”, and gave forth a “melodious sound” The ancient Indians themselves
wrote entire flight manuals on the care and control of various types of vimanas.
The Samara Sutradhara is
a scientific treatises dealing with every possible facet of air travel in a vimana.
There are 230 stanzas dealing with construction, take-off,
cruising for thousands of miles, normal and forced landings, and even possible
collusions with birds!

Would these texts exist (they do) without there being something to actually
write about? Traditional historians and archaeologists simply ignore such
writings as the imaginative ramblings of a bunch of stoned, ancient writers.
Says Andrew Tomas, “ The Samara Sutradhara, which is a factual
type of record, treats air travel from every angle…If this is the science
fiction of antiquity, then it is the best that has ever been written.”


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