Produce disposable electronic circuits with a t-shirt printer

Soon, your milk carton could be
smart enough to let you know when the milk has expired.Or an intelligent
bandage on your sick infant could allow you to monitor his or her temperature
while you are at work.
Researchers have created an eco-friendly way to make
flexible but complex circuits using a t-shirt printer. The breakthrough may
allow us to print low-cost disposable electronics. Nanyang Technological
University, Singapore, has successfully printed complex electronic circuits
using a common t-shirt printer. The electronic circuits are printed using
unique materials in layers on top of everyday flexible materials such as
plastic, aluminum foil and even paper.

Resistors, transistors and capacitors,
the key components of a complex electronic circuit, are printed using non-toxic
organic materials like silver nanoparticles, carbon and plastics.Joseph Chang,
leader of the group said their unique printing tech has made mass production of
cheap disposable electronic circuits possible.“This means we can have smarter
products, such as a carton that tells you exactly when the milk expires, a
bandage that prompts you when it is time for a redressing, and smart patches
that can monitor life signals like your heart rate,“ said the electronics
expert from NTU’s School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering.


Source: Nanyang Technological
University

“We are not competing with high end
processors like those found in smartphones and electronic devices.Instead we
complement them with cheaply printed circuits that cost mere cents instead of a
few dollars, making disposable electronics a reality.” The types of complex
circuits the team has successfully printed include a 4-bit digital-to-analog
converter ­ a component commonly used in turning digital signals into sound for
speakers and headphones; and radio frequency identification (RFID) tags,
commonly used for tracking of goods.The key difference between this method and
the other printed electronics is that it is fully additive, which makes it very
eco-friendly. The circuits are printed entirely without the use of any toxic
chemicals.“Our innovative process is green, using non-corrosive chemicals. It
can be printed on demand when needed within minutes. It is also scalable, as
you can print large circuits on many types of materials and it is low cost, as
print tech has been available for decades,“ Chang added.

A new start-up company is being
established to commercialize the invention. A multinational biomedical company
has also expressed interest to adopt the application of printed electronics for
biomedical devices.The innovation has also attracted international interest
with Chang delivering several keynote addresses at major conferences. He has
also been recognized by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
(IEEE), the world’s largest profession for engineers in the field, as a
Distinguished Lecturer for the Printed Electronics.Moving forward, the
four-person multi-disciplinary team ­ two engineers, a material scientist and a
chemist ­ will be looking to develop both digital and analog printable circuits
for other biomedical applications in sensing and processing, where lowcost
smart circuits are required and for smart lighting systems. 

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