OCD stands for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. It is a sort of illness that generally develops within one from childhood. OCD shows significant traits of obsession and compulsion in daily life activities. These obsession and compulsion cause great anxiety and trauma which keeps coming back after intervals.
OCDs are generally about a particular concern, be it a mania for a certain thing or fear of it. It can be called as a pervasive mental disorder. Until and unless a proper diagnosis is done, the treatment for OCD cannot begin.
What are some of the symptoms of OCD?
The symptoms of OCD are to be assessed critically to come up with clear ideation of the patient’s condition. Some common symptoms are –
- Escalated heartbeat rate
- Panicky behavioral pattern
- Feeling of nervousness
- Easily irritated and enraged
- Worn out and fatigued too soon
- Facing Gastrointestinal problems
- Trouble sleeping
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is generally of two categories. One is Obsession disorder and the other being Compulsion Disorder.
- Fear of dirt, dust or pollution
- Keeping things in an order or pattern
- Fear of being getting touched
- Hostile behavior about harming others
- Disbelief in everyone
- Unwanted thought about getting killed, sex or harming others
- Sudden shouting
Most patients suffering from extreme compulsive symptoms include:
- Addicted to cleaning and washing
- Addiction to using water for long
- Addicted to cleaning hands till the skin becomes pale
- Doubts about getting locked and checking door locks repeatedly
- Maintaining an order or pattern
- Repeating a particular sentence or word several times
- Repeating an action after they are done once
Why does OCD occur?
OCD generally takes place in childhood or teenage years, but many of us fail to notice that because in the beginning time it does not show up to be that harming or dangerous. The causes of OCD are yet to be discovered completely. Few factors like an environmental issue, genetic nerve problems, and biological changes can lead to Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Traumatic past live events are a big source of OCD. Family genes may also carry OCD and transfer it to the next generation.
Constructive Treatment and Cure
Generally, OCD is treated with Yoga, Psychotherapies, and medication. The first step to treat patients who have developed OCD is Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapy. In this process, the phobia of patients is reduced by unveiling them to the factors they fear. Inhibitors like Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors and Selective Serotonin Reuptake inhibitors are used for treating OCD patients. Few examples of SSRI’s are Luvox, Anafranil, and Zoloft.
How does Clomipramine help in treating parts of OCD?
Clomipramine, which is a kind of antidepressant helps magically in OCD treatment. Inhibitors work at a very slow pace and demand higher doses which may be a little harmful to health conditions. Scientific research shows that patients improve more with antipsychotic medication. The medication of OCD has side effects like weight gain, dizziness, nausea, and insomnia.
How can OCD be treated through Psychotherapy?
OCD patients need to be understood with care and patience. They need to be taken high supervision and protection along with guidance. They might lose temper at times but they have to controlled and calmed down. OCD patients suffer from high heartbeat rate and that is why they have hypertension. Relapse is a common observation that occurs at intervals which have to be nursed in a positive attitude.
So, along with medication and therapies, all they need is mental support and someone on whom they can rely upon, be it a friend or a family member.