The news of electric-powered rickshaws, e-bus, e-car, etc. has now become an integral part of our newspaper every morning.
As per estimate, the number of motors currently used in the whole world is 97 crores! In it, more than 95 percent of the cars are fueled by tons of tonnes of petrol-diesel, methanol or ethanol. This must be reduced to save our environment and mankind.
With the advent of the negative effects of climate change due to pollutions and limited fuel resources, it motivates to drive more electric vehicles in India. The government also encourages people to incline clean energy-powered vehicles.
Representative Image (Source: Impactalpha)
In fact, electric cars are coming in full speed on the country’s roads, much faster than it was expected!
Many questions prop up in people’s mind, such as – why suddenly the government to run electric powered vehicles? Does petrol-diesel supply have been lost? The fact, India spends nearly 7 million crores of foreign exchange to import crude oil which is a main reason for air pollution and health hazards.
The biggest fear is that the world’s oil-gas wells have come to an end, and the things will get worse, if we don’t explore the renewable energy sources right now. Therefore, the consumption of electric vehicles across the world is increasing in a big way including India.
Bigger business houses in India are with force or choice inclined towards the clean energy-powered vehicles to mitigate the climate change and have a more sustainable business model.
The Mahindra & Mahindra, one of the major automotive companies in India, has launched a four-wheeler fully electric car that could run four times in a row and with most attractive features, four years ago.
The company plans to run around 60 lakh electric vehicles on the road by 2020. Recently, it has joined hands with well-known companies from Italy and South Korea to operate electric-powered three-wheelers running in cities and villages.
Generally, the electric car powered by Lithium Eon Battery will be able to travel 100 kilometers after full charge, which is enough to travel in the city.
Electrically-operated vehicles will be available in the market as the cost of running them will decrease, as well as pollution is also being claimed to be negligible.
The motorists run the petrol-powered car at about 10 rupees per kilometer while you can run Ravi’s cars at 40 paisas per kilometer only and it costs at five lakh.
The car batteries can give a mileage of about 80 to 125 kilometers.
Over the past two decades, many enterprises have made prototypes of electric vehicles after studying the future trend of personal transportation in India.
But, when the government was not so cautious about pollution, the people did not even target this revolutionary vehicle. Now everyone is talking about pollution-free electric cars.
The biggest advantage of an electric car is that electric cars have three times longer life than normal vehicles. Some other benefits include since there is no use of petrol-diesel, you don’t need a gearbox, engine, clutch, radiator, exhaust system, etc. If you remove these items from any motor, then weighing 100 to 150 kilos will automatically decrease! Is not that fun?
In the past, the production of electric cars was stopped due to the fact that it was not possible to create an efficient battery that could provide energy for a long time.
The bigger problem is that a powerful electrical battery that could easily be driven to the heavy-duty of the car could not be made. If you want to cut long distances without stopping at one time, increase the number of batteries in electric cars, and by doing so, increasing the weight of the motor, it consumes more electricity!
The electric car will have to use 3,000 pounds of the electric battery in an electric car to achieve the same power that the petrol-powered 600-piston engine generates.
The researchers and engineers should focus on three major challenges to increase use of electric vehicles across the world, including India.
• The reduction in battery size and weight as much as possible and increase its efficiency.
• Develop a battery that runs between 300-400 km, but its power does not get drained and even if the battery is down, it can be charged hundreds of times back. • The charging of an electric vehicle should be easy and simple, similar to the present easy filling of petrol or diesel in a vehicle.
The above-described challenges not only will attract people to use electric vehicles but will help in improving the vehicle technology that is powered by the clean energy source.
One solution for sustainability is to increase research in the field of solar-powered motor that uses direct sunlight to charge the battery during transit also.
Regarding the manufacturing of electric cars and other electric vehicles, India needs to focus more on ease of material availability at an affordable cost as well as favorable government laws and regulations for electric vehicles.
The Union government will soon announce the incentives for companies creating a new type of technology, to encourage the research department of the companies that are generating new technologies, to encourage the need to charge the electric cars, and direct subsidies to consumers buying these types of cars.
The Indian states are also encouraging people to promote electric vehicles. The Rajasthan government has exempted battery-powered vehicles from road tax while Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Orissa, Pondicherry, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, and Haryana have emancipated the battery-operated vehicles.