The snow on Antarctica is melting, the ocean surface is growing, and many countries like Maldives will sink because of it. Now there is no unaware of the information. All these things (geographically) have become distant. What is our closest situation?
In the 1600s, the world’s first steel mill was established. After that gradually the factories had been increasing. Past a year and a half, new machinery was discovered, the boom came and the world got a word called ‘Industrialization’.
The Industrial Revolution lasted until 1820. There were farms and forests where the factories were established, the cities were settled where there were villages. During all the operations, carbon was released continuously in the air.
Since then the carbon was stalled, its global note was taken in Kyoto meeting in 1992. At the same time, the first time the world’s countries met and discussed to reduce the temperature. At that time a treaty was also made to reduce the temperature, which is known as the ‘Kyoto Protocol’.
Under the Kyoto Protocol, 38 major countries of the world had committed to environmental protection. After 25 years in 2012, the Kyoto Protocol has expired.
What then? Before the new protocol came into effect, Kyoto was extended to 2020. Meanwhile the meetings are going on for another treaty.
When the meeting was held in Paris in December 2011, the main agenda was that by the year 2100, the average temperature of the planet should not exceed 2 degrees, compared to the time of industrialization.
Recently concluded meeting of ‘The Integration Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)’ which was held in South Korea’s Incheon city, for special report Global Warming of 1.5 deg C, including the impacts and associated risks of such a temperature increase.
“Science alerts us to the gravity of the situation, but science also, and this special report in particular, helps us understand the solutions available to us. Together we will produce a strong, robust and clear Summary for Policymakers that responds to the invitation of governments three years ago while upholding the scientific integrity of the IPCC”, IPCC Chair Hoesung Lee said.
According to the IPCC’s special report, if the Earth’s temperature increases by more than 1.5 degrees, the changes will be “long-lasting” and “irreversible. At the current rate of warming, the world’s temperatures would likely reach 1.5C between 2030 and 2052 after an increase of 1C above pre-industrial levels since the mid-1800s.”
The scientists wrote that globally, human-caused emissions of carbon dioxide “would need to fall by about 45 percent from 2010 levels by 2030, reaching ‘net zero’ around 2050.” The report also notes that “any remaining emissions would need to be balanced by removing CO2 from the air.”
If you want to continue development, then two degrees must be allowed. But in order to stop the 2 deg., the countries including America and China have to prepare to cut carbon production. All countries said yes, but are not ready to sign the legislative binding treaty to reduce production.
If the world sees 2 degrees C of warming, ice sheet collapse in Antarctica becomes far more likely. Sea levels would be at least 10 centimeters higher by the end of the century at 2 degrees than they would be with 1.5 degrees.
Collapse of coral reefs would be essentially ensured. The Arctic, which would be ice-free about once per century at 1.5 degrees of temperature rise, would be ice-free once per decade at 2 degrees.
Keeping the Earth’s temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius means making rapid, unprecedented changes in the way people use energy to eat, travel and live or we risk even more extreme weather and loss of species, a U.N. report said.
85% of the world’s energy needs are currently produced using coal-petroleum products. All these substances produce carbon dioxide.
On the other hand, the atom, wind, steam, solar, etc. means that the non-conventional energy is obtained without emitting the carbon. Unfortunately, the amount of energy currently has only 15% across the globe.
The big problem of most of the sustainable energy sources is that getting energy uninterrupted, and is expensive, so not all countries can invest in the renewable energy technology.
The China’s annual production has surpassed America. China contributed nearly 619 million tonnes of carbon in the year 2010. By 2014, the proportion has increased to 900 million tonnes. Countries, U.S. and China are called world leaders, but their behaviour is like troublesome children.
In the inauguration of the 2015 Paris conference, Hollywood star Leonardo said: ‘Today we are congratulating each other here. But we don’t take action for the implementation of this agreement in their own country, and then there is no meaning to it.”
Let’s keep the fuel we are burning from the underneath and let it stay there forever to save our planet. It’s time to take some concrete steps instead of meeting-conferences.
There is no need to take a strict decision that has not been done so far and there is no need to study any longer. Based on your decision today, it will be decided that your name in history will be named as a hero or a villain.